Irrigation Systems

5 Advantages of Irrigation Systems

If you have a large yard, it’s now time to transform it into a garden or farm. Planting fruits and vegetables will make the land useful. The problem with this kind of huge garden is that it takes a lot of time to water by hand, you would need an efficient system like irrigation sprinkler. Installing one might be a costly investment, but you would soon see the benefits you’ll get from it. To give you an idea, the following are some of the benefits of irrigation systems.  

Irrigation Systems

Conserves Water and Time 

When you water the yard with hose or by hand, watering can take a lot of time. If you don’t have the luxury of time to do it regularly, then an irrigation system will save your time. An effective irrigation system is also beneficial when it comes to saving water. You can pre-set the timer of the irrigation system, so you don’t have to monitor the watering. Once it’s finished watering, it will shut off on its own.  

Prevents Diseases and Weeds 

One of the problems with having a yard or garden is the weeding you have to do once the weeds and diseases grow. This will take you a lot of time aside from the daily watering you’re tasked to do. With a specialized drip irrigation system, the water is directed to the football of the plants instead of sprinkling it to the entire garden. This will prevent the weeds from germinating, which results to less weeding. Watering directly at the roots will also prevent the leaves from having a disease caused by standing droplets. Blight diseases don’t also proliferate because the water doesn’t strike the flowers and leaves.  

Gardening Flexibility 

When you install an irrigation system, you will have more flexibility when it comes to working on your garden. You can water one section while you work on the other sections. For example, if you want to prune or plant in another area, you don’t have to worry about watering the other sections because the irrigation system is already set to do its job.  

Preserves Soil structure and Nutrients 

When you water by hand, for example using a hose will allow too much water to seep into the soil. This will make the nutrients to leech out because of the water runoff. The plants will have fewer nutrients available. The soil can also become compacted if you use a hose for watering. This will result to plants suffering from root disease or withering because of the compacted and suffocating soil. Using a sprinkler irrigation or drip system, the nutrients are preserved because smaller droplets of water are preserved. This will also reduce the compaction of the soil.  

Return of Investment 

You will see the return of investment in no time. Plants and fruits are healthier because the nutrients are preserved. You will have more time to do something else instead of watering the yard on a regular basis.  

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6 Types of Irrigation Systems

Irrigation is the artificial way of using water to the soil. This is used for assisting the growth of crops. But before we discuss the types of irrigation systems, let’s discuss the main ways the farmers use agricultural water to cultivate their crops.  

Irrigation Systems

The first way is rain-farming. This is the natural way of applying the water to the soil through direct rainfall. This is beneficial when it comes to reducing the contamination of foods, but not efficient if rainfall is reduced.  

The second way is through irrigation systems. This is done through various systems of pumps, tubes and sprays. It is efficient when if the place is experiencing dry season or drought. The types of irrigation systems will then be discussed further.  

Surface Irrigation 

In this method, the water moves across the surface of the land by simple gravity flow. This is to wet and infiltrate the soil. Surface irrigation is divided into border strip, furrow and basin irrigation. It’s also popular going by the name of flood irrigation because most of the time it results in flooding.  

Drip Irrigation 

Drip irrigation is also called trickle irrigation. The water is delivered near the plant’s root zone, drop by drop. We can say that among the different types of irrigation, this is the most efficient. If you can manage this system properly, the water runoff and evaporation are minimized. Most of the time, plastic mulch is combined so the evaporation is further reduced. You can also use this type of irrigation as a means of delivering the fertilizer. The process might already be familiar to you, it’s called fertigation.  

Manual Irrigation 

This irrigation system is mostly used in peri-urban agriculture and rural areas. It uses watering cans to become an efficient method. This kind of system has low requirements when it comes to technical equipment and infrastructure, but it needs high labor inputs.  

Centre-Pivot Irrigation 

This system uses a self-propelled system in which a single pipeline is supported by a row of mobile towers. These towers are suspended 2 to 4 meters above the ground. Once the water is pumped into the central pipe, the towers will rotate slowly around the pivot point. The large circular area is then irrigated. The sprinkler nozzles are then mounted from the pipeline, then it distributes water once the pipeline rotates.  

Sprinkler System 

This is a system based on sprays or guns and overhead sprinklers which are installed on permanent risers. The system can also be buried underground, and the sprinkles will rise once the water pressure ruses. This is a popular type of irrigation system used on parks and homes. 

Rotary System 

Rotary system is used for large areas. The sprinklers can reach distances over 100 feet. A mechanically driven sprinkler is installed, and it moves in a circular motion. The system will then water a large area with small amounts of water. It keeps on working like this for a long period of time.  

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